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Child Care Home, Family Occupational Licensing

License required in 44 states

70th most burdensome licensing requirements among moderate-income occupations

Average Fee for License:$92

What They Do

Family child care homes attend to children at the operator’s residence and perform a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing and overseeing play. This report looks at what is required to run a child care business out of one’s home only.

Child Care Home, Family Licensing Overview

Forty-four states (more than half of states) require a licence to work as a Child Care Home, Family. On average, these laws require $92 in fees, 58 days of education and no exams. Child Care Home, Family Licenses have the 70th most burdensome requirements of the 102 occupations studied.

Where is a Child Care Home, Family the most regulated?

Out of the 44 states that require an occupational license, an occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family has the highest burden in Mississippi. Mississippi requires $190 in fees, no exams, no experience, and 9 clock hours & 2 years education.

Where is a Child Care Home, Family the least regulated?

Out of the 44 states that require an occupational license, an occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family has the lowest burden in North Dakota. North Dakota requires $20 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no education.

Where is a Child Care Home, Family license the most expensive?

An occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family costs the most in Nevada. Nevada requires $481 in fees, no exams, no experience, and 2142 clock hours education.

Where is a Child Care Home, Family license the least expensive?

An occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family costs the least in Montana, Utah where the license costs $0.

Where does it take the longest to obtain a Child Care Home, Family license?

An occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family takes the longest to obtain in Mississippi. It takes 732 days (2 years and 2 days). Mississippi requires $190 in fees, no exams, no experience, and 9 clock hours & 2 years education.

Where is it fastest to obtain a Child Care Home, Family license?

An occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family takes the least time to obtain in Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, North Dakota, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, West Virginia (0 days).

What states require exams for a Child Care Home, Family license?

To obtain an occupational license for a Child Care Home, Family there is at least one exam required in: Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Oregon.

Forty-four states require a license for family child care homes. On average, these licenses require $79 in fees and 48 days of education and experience, making family child care home the 70th most burdensome occupation of the 102 studied. However, because most states license the occupation, it ranks as the 25th most widely and onerously licensed.

License requirements vary widely across states. North Carolina requires operators of child family care homes to dedicate about 401 days to education and experience (one year of child care experience, 36 hours of training and a four-credit-hour class). However, 21 states require fewer than 10 days of education or experience, and another nine require none at all. Similarly, fees range from $0 in Vermont to $300 in D.C.

States Ranked by Average Licensing Burden for 102 Lower-Income Occupations

More Burdensome Less Burdensome
Based on data released in November 2022

State Licensing Requirements

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank State Occupations Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
16 Alaska 64 $40 28 120 clock hours None 0 0 21
25 Alabama 63 $47 4 26 clock hours None 0 12 18
13 Arkansas 72 $176 3 16 clock hours None 0 12 18
29 California 75 $284 4 22.5 clock hours None 0 0 18
18 Colorado 34 $100 4 21.5 clock hours None 1 0 18
35 Connecticut 65 $40 0 None None 0 0 20
8 District of Columbia 61 $300 2 13 clock hours None 1 12 18
24 Delaware 42 $65 3 18 clock hours None 0 12 18
14 Florida 55 $87 8 35 clock hours None 1 0 18
9 Georgia 41 $50 7 30 clock hours None 1 12 21
40 Hawaii 64 $22 0 None None 0 0 18
27 Illinois 41 $28 4 23 clock hours None 0 12 18
43 Indiana 37 $39 1 7.5 clock hours None 0 12 0
22 Kansas 35 $85 3 16 clock hours None 0 12 18
30 Kentucky 38 $40 1 6 clock hours None 0 12 18
5 Massachusetts 50 $135 190 33 clock hours 6 months 0 12 18
33 Maryland 58 $51 6 36 clock hours None 0 0 18
32 Maine 46 $160 0 None None 0 0 18
28 Michigan 48 $50 1 6 clock hours None 0 12 18
34 Minnesota 35 $90 2 10 clock hours None 0 0 18
38 Missouri 33 $42 0.20 1 clock hours None 0 0 18
1 Mississippi 65 $190 732 9 clock hours & 2 years None 0 12 21
37 Montana 32 $0 4 25 clock hours None 0 0 18
3 North Carolina 66 $154 375 50 clock hours 1 years 0 12 21
44 North Dakota 65 $20 0 None None 0 0 0
21 Nebraska 61 $95 0.20 1 clock hours None 0 12 19
39 New Hampshire 37 $43 0 None None 0 0 18
31 New Mexico 66 $59 11 45 clock hours None 0 0 18
2 Nevada 75 $481 499 2142 clock hours None 0 0 21
4 New York 41 $25 369 21 clock hours 1 years 0 0 18
10 Ohio 40 $250 8 37 clock hours None 0 12 18
19 Oklahoma 42 $64 0 None None 0 12 21
20 Oregon 69 $88 2 10.5 clock hours None 1 0 18
6 Pennsylvania 50 $59 140 600 clock hours None 0 12 18
12 Rhode Island 70 $110 4 24 clock hours None 0 12 21
41 Tennessee 69 $5 0.30 2 clock hours None 0 0 18
11 Texas 38 $112 7 32 clock hours None 0 12 21
42 Utah 64 $0 0.40 2.5 clock hours None 0 0 18
7 Virginia 72 $83 91 None 3 months 0 12 18
17 Vermont 31 $20 12 54 clock hours None 0 12 18
23 Washington 76 $12 3 16 clock hours None 0 12 21
26 Wisconsin 42 $100 22 7 clock hours & 3 credit hours None 0 0 18
36 West Virginia 67 $55 0 None None 0 0 18
15 Wyoming 26 $89 7 32 clock hours None 0 12 18

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.

View Report