Psychiatric Technician

License required in 5 states

36th most burdensome licensing requirements among moderate-income occupations

89th most heavily regulated occupation among moderate-income occupations

What They Do

Psychiatric technicians care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed individuals, following physician instructions and hospital procedures. They monitor patients’ physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. They may participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene, and administer oral medications and hypodermic injections.


Five states license psychiatric technicians: Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas and Missouri. All five require a high school diploma, and four of the five require an exam (only Missouri does not). There is significant variation in education and experience requirements, however: While Missouri requires 730 days (two years) of experience, Arkansas and Kansas require only about 210 days (900 hours) of education. Fees range from $0 in Missouri to $349 in California ($119 on average). These requirements are the 36th most burdensome of the 102 occupations studied here. However, because so few states license psychiatric technicians, the occupation ranks as only the 89th most widely and onerously licensed.

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2017.

States Ranked by Average Licensing Burden for 102 Lower-Income Occupations

More Burdensome Less Burdensom
Based on data released in November 2017

State Licensing Requirements

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank State States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Missouri 5 $0 730 2 years 0 12 18
2 California 5 $349 357 1530 clock hours 1 12 18
3 Colorado 5 $65 224 32 credit hours 1 12 0
4 Kansas 5 $146 210 900 clock hours 1 12 0
5 Arkansas 5 $38 210 900 clock hours 1 12 0