Michigan licenses 48 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are about average when compared to other states. The state's licensing laws rank 20th in the nation. Michigan licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Animal Control Officer (7 other).
On average, Michigan requires $281 in licensing fees, 308 days of education and about 1 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Midwife, Direct Entry, Fire Alarm Installer.
Out of the 48 occupations that require an occupational license in Michigan, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $549 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 48 occupations that require an occupational license in Michigan, a license for Animal Breeder has the lowest burden. A Animal Breeder license requires $18 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license in Michigan costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $1783 in fees, 1 exams, no experience, and 2 clock hours & 2 years of education.
An occupational license for in Michigan costs the least for Coach, Head (High School Sports), Animal Control Officer where the license costs $0.
In Michigan, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School. It takes 2555 days (7 years) total. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $549 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
In Michigan, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Security Alarm Installer, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Other, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Taxi Driver/Chauffeur, Milk Sampler, Taxidermist, Fisher, Commercial, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential), Animal Breeder.
In Michigan, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Athletic Trainer, HVAC Contractor (Commercial), HVAC Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential), Midwife, Direct Entry, Fire Alarm Installer, Earth Driller, Water Well, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator, Veterinary Technician, Barber, Cosmetologist, Shampooer, Bill Collection Agency, Makeup Artist, Manicurist, Skin Care Specialist, Massage Therapist, Pharmacy Technician, Security Alarm Installer, School Bus Driver, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Emergency Medical Technician, Truck Driver, Other, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential), Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential), Door Repair Contractor (Residential), Insulation Contractor (Residential), Mason Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential), Terrazzo Contractor (Residential), Taxi Driver/Chauffeur, Milk Sampler. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.
Michigan licenses 49 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here, which is fewer than the national average. Its laws are the 33rd most burdensome. On average, Michigan’s barriers to entry into lower-income occupations are $242 in fees, 255 days lost to education and experience, and approximately two exams. It ranks as the 30th most broadly and onerously licensed state.
Michigan licenses some occupations that are not licensed by other states. For example, 15 states do not license veterinary technicians at all, but to work in Michigan they must pay $350 in fees, complete two years (730 days) of education and pass an exam. Similarly, many states do not license animal control officers (44), taxi drivers and chauffeurs (35), or residential painting contractors (23), among other occupations. Michigan also imposes more onerous requirements than many other states for some occupations. Fire alarm installers, for example, must pay $1,045 in fees before becoming licensed. That is nearly twice the $557 average across states that license the occupation.
Michigan also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, people wishing to start a bill collection agency must demonstrate six months (roughly 182 days) of experience to receive a license. Meanwhile, EMTs must complete only 194 hours (about 45 days) of education. Not only is it illogical to require four times as much training for bill collection agencies as for emergency first responders, but 20 states do not license bill collection agencies at all. Michigan can expand employment opportunities in the state by reducing or repealing irrationally burdensome licensing requirements, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing licensing with less restrictive regulatory alternatives such as insurance, inspections or voluntary certification.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||549||2555||4 years||3 years||2||0||18|
|2||Athletic Trainer||49||628||1460||4 years||None||1||0||0|
|3||HVAC Contractor (Commercial)||37||200||1095||None||3 years||1||0||0|
|3||HVAC Contractor (Residential)||35||200||1095||None||3 years||1||0||0|
|3||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial)||37||200||1095||None||3 years||1||0||0|
|3||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential)||36||200||1095||None||3 years||1||0||0|
|7||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||1783||730||2 clock hours & 2 years||None||1||12||0|
|8||Fire Alarm Installer||39||1095||730||None||2 years||4||0||20|
|9||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||40||730||None||2 years||2||12||18|
|10||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||340||730||None||2 years||3||0||18|
|11||Pest Control Applicator||51||285||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|12||Veterinary Technician||36||463||730||2 years||None||1||0||0|
|13||Barber||51||247||420||1800 clock hours||None||2||10||17|
|14||Cosmetologist||51||200||350||1500 clock hours||None||2||9||17|
|14||Shampooer||33||200||350||1500 clock hours||None||2||9||17|
|16||Bill Collection Agency||29||264||182||None||6 months||1||12||18|
|17||Makeup Artist||37||230||93||400 clock hours||None||2||9||17|
|17||Manicurist||51||230||93||400 clock hours||None||2||9||17|
|17||Skin Care Specialist||51||230||93||400 clock hours||None||2||9||17|
|20||Massage Therapist||45||298||117||500 clock hours||None||1||12||0|
|21||Pharmacy Technician||44||264||117||501 clock hours||None||1||12||0|
|22||Security Alarm Installer||37||628||0||None||None||1||12||21|
|23||School Bus Driver||51||70||3||18 clock hours||None||6||0||18|
|24||Child Care Home, Family||44||50||1||6 clock hours||None||0||12||18|
|25||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||65||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|26||Emergency Medical Technician||51||138||45||194 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|27||Truck Driver, Other||51||60||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|27||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||60||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|31||Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential)||30||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|31||Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential)||30||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|31||Door Repair Contractor (Residential)||29||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|31||Insulation Contractor (Residential)||30||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|31||Mason Contractor (Residential)||31||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|31||Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential)||31||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|31||Terrazzo Contractor (Residential)||28||294||14||60 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|38||Gaming Cage Worker||30||200||0||None||None||0||0||21|
|41||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||0||1||7 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|43||Animal Control Officer||7||0||23||100 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
|46||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||35||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|46||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||35||0||None||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report