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Security Guard, Unarmed

License required in 34 states

80th most burdensome licensing requirements among moderate-income occupations

37th most heavily regulated occupation among moderate-income occupations

What They Do

Security guards guard, patrol or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence or infractions of rules.

Licensing

Thirty-four states license unarmed security guards. On average, aspirants must pay $89, demonstrate 10 days of education and experience, and pass about one exam to become licensed—the 80th most burdensome requirements. However, because many states license the occupation, it ranks as the 37th most widely and onerously licensed.

Some license requirements vary significantly across states. For example, most states (28) require between zero and about four days of education or experience, but North Dakota requires about 244 (44 hours of classroom instruction and 1,000 hours of field service training). Similarly, while 15 states require no exams, Florida, Louisiana and Oklahoma each require two. And fees range from $5 in Rhode Island to $201 in Connecticut, though most states’ (23) fees are between $60 and $116.

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2017.

States Ranked by Average Licensing Burden for 102 Lower-Income Occupations

More Burdensome Less Burdensom
Based on data released in November 2017

State Licensing Requirements

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank State States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 North Dakota 34 $92 244 44 clock hours 1000 clock hours 0 12 18
2 D C 34 $188 11 48 clock hours 1 0 18
3 Hawaii 34 $150 1 8 clock hours 1 12 18
4 Oregon 34 $115 2 12 clock hours 1 12 18
5 Oklahoma 34 $91 9 40 clock hours 2 0 18
6 Florida 34 $87 9 40 clock hours 2 0 18
7 Alaska 34 $102 11 48 clock hours 0 0 18
8 Vermont 34 $60 9 40 clock hours 1 0 18
9 Louisiana 34 $81 3 16 clock hours 2 0 18
10 Connecticut 34 $201 1 8 clock hours 0 0 18
11 New York 34 $135 1 8 clock hours 1 0 18
12 Washington 34 $91 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
13 Delaware 34 $89 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
14 Virginia 34 $75 3 18 clock hours 1 0 18
15 New Jersey 34 $116 4 24 clock hours 0 0 18
16 California 34 $99 1 8 clock hours 1 0 18
17 Tennessee 34 $108 1 4 clock hours 1 0 18
18 New Mexico 34 $94 1 8 clock hours 1 0 18
19 Arkansas 34 $75 1 6 clock hours 1 0 18
20 Nevada 34 $85 0 1 0 18
21 South Carolina 34 $65 1 6 clock hours 1 0 18
22 Texas 34 $62 1 6 clock hours 1 0 18
23 Utah 34 $100 4 24 clock hours 1 0 0
24 Montana 34 $127 0 0 0 18
25 North Carolina 34 $68 3 16 clock hours 0 0 18
26 Alabama 34 $90 1 8 clock hours 0 0 18
27 Wisconsin 34 $114 0 0 0 18
28 Arizona 34 $72 1 8 clock hours 0 0 18
29 Illinois 34 $55 0 0 0 18
30 Iowa 34 $40 0 0 0 18
31 New Hampshire 34 $40 0 0 0 0
31 Ohio 34 $40 0 0 0 0
33 Maryland 34 $15 0 0 0 0
34 Rhode Island 34 $5 0 0 0 0