Massachusetts licenses 50 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are more burdensome than most other states. The state's licensing laws rank 8th in the nation. Massachusetts licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Funeral Attendant (3 other), Dental Assistant (8 other).
On average, Massachusetts requires $331 in licensing fees, 511 days of education and about 1 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Bill Collection Agency.
Out of the 50 occupations that require an occupational license in Massachusetts, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $376 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 50 occupations that require an occupational license in Massachusetts, a license for Coach, Head (High School Sports) has the lowest burden. A Coach, Head (High School Sports) license requires $0 in fees, no exams, no experience, and 12 clock hours of education.
An occupational license in Massachusetts costs the most for Bill Collection Agency. A Bill Collection Agency license requires $1351 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license for in Massachusetts costs the least for Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Coach, Head (High School Sports) where the license costs $0.
In Massachusetts, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School. It takes 2555 days (7 years) total. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $376 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
In Massachusetts, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Truck Driver, Other, Bill Collection Agency, Funeral Attendant, Dental Assistant, Crane Operator, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential), Painting Contractor (Residential), Fisher, Commercial, Travel Guide, Animal Breeder, Milk Sampler.
In Massachusetts, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial), Athletic Trainer, Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential), School Bus Driver, Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential), Door Repair Contractor (Residential), Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential), Glazier Contractor (Residential), Insulation Contractor (Residential), Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential), Mason Contractor (Residential), Earth Driller, Water Well, Optician, Security Alarm Installer, Fire Alarm Installer, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, HVAC Contractor (Commercial), Pest Control Applicator, Barber, Cosmetologist, Shampooer, Skin Care Specialist, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Emergency Medical Technician, Truck Driver, Other, Pharmacy Technician, Auctioneer, Dental Assistant, Manicurist, Crane Operator, Wildlife Control Operator. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.
Massachusetts’ licensing laws for lower-income occupations are the 10th most burdensome, requiring, on average, $309 in fees, 513 days lost to education and experience, and roughly one exam. Massachusetts licenses fewer lower-income occupations than most states—50 of 102—making it the 29th most broadly and onerously licensed state.
Massachusetts licenses some occupations much more onerously than other states, including some that are already among the nation’s most burdened occupations. For example, both of the state’s commercial sheet metal contractor licenses—HVAC and other—require five years (1,825 days) of experience. But the average education and experience requirement across licensed states is 1,215 days for HVAC sheet metal contractors and just 567 days for other sheet metal contractors. These disparities are particularly jarring given that several states do not license these occupations at all.
Massachusetts also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. Cosmetologists, for example, must complete 1,000 hours of education and then demonstrate two years of experience (the equivalent of 963 days)—the heaviest education and experience requirements of their type. But Massachusetts deems EMTs able to administer life-saving aid after having demonstrated only 150 hours (about 35 days) of education. To expand opportunity for lower-income workers, Massachusetts should repeal or reduce irrationally heavy licensing burdens, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||376||2555||4 years||3 years||2||0||0|
|2||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial)||37||400||1825||None||5 years||1||12||17|
|2||Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial)||26||400||1825||None||5 years||1||12||17|
|4||Athletic Trainer||49||599||1460||4 years||None||1||0||0|
|5||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential)||36||400||1095||None||3 years||1||12||17|
|5||Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential)||31||400||1095||None||3 years||1||12||17|
|7||School Bus Driver||51||175||1107||60 clock hours||3 years||6||0||18|
|8||Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential)||30||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|8||Door Repair Contractor (Residential)||29||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|8||Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential)||30||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|8||Glazier Contractor (Residential)||30||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|8||Insulation Contractor (Residential)||30||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|8||Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential)||30||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|8||Mason Contractor (Residential)||31||500||1095||None||3 years||1||0||18|
|15||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||325||1095||None||3 years||2||0||0|
|17||Security Alarm Installer||37||630||803||315 clock hours||2 years||2||12||0|
|18||Fire Alarm Installer||39||330||800||300 clock hours||2 years||2||12||0|
|19||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||800||730||None||2 years||4||0||18|
|20||HVAC Contractor (Commercial)||37||115||700||1000 clock hours||2000 clock hours||1||12||18|
|21||Pest Control Applicator||51||500||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|22||Child Care Home, Family||44||135||190||33 clock hours||6 months||0||12||18|
|23||Massage Therapist||45||345||152||650 clock hours||None||0||12||18|
|24||Barber||51||164||233||1000 clock hours||None||2||0||16|
|25||Cosmetologist||51||218||233||1000 clock hours||None||2||0||0|
|26||Shampooer||33||170||233||1000 clock hours||None||2||0||0|
|27||Skin Care Specialist||51||218||140||600 clock hours||None||2||0||0|
|28||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||150||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|29||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||140||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|32||Emergency Medical Technician||51||248||35||150 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|33||Truck Driver, Other||51||140||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|34||Pharmacy Technician||44||150||56||240 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|35||Bill Collection Agency||29||1351||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|36||Auctioneer||28||100||19||83 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|37||Funeral Attendant||3||31||0||1 clock hour||None||0||12||0|
|38||Dental Assistant||8||60||0||2 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|39||Manicurist||51||286||23||100 clock hours||None||2||0||0|
|41||Gaming Cage Worker||30||0||0||None||None||0||0||18|
|43||Wildlife Control Operator||23||141||2||11 clock hours||None||2||0||0|
|44||Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential)||30||250||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|44||Painting Contractor (Residential)||27||250||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|50||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||0||2||12 clock hours||None||0||0||0|