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Oregon

69 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed

8th most burdensome licensing laws for moderate-income occupations

8th most extensively and onerously licensed state for moderate-income occupations

Summary

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2017.

Oregon’s licensing laws for lower-income occupations are some of the worst in the nation, ranking as the eighth most burdensome. On average, they require $335 in fees, 537 days of education and experience, and roughly one exam. And because Oregon licenses more occupations than most other states—69 of the 102 studied here—it also ranks as the nation’s eighth most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Oregon licenses several occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states license dairy equipment still machine setters (two), farm labor contractors (nine), bartenders (12), locksmiths (13), commercial floor sander contractors (21) or commercial painting contractors (21). Among those, the two commercial contractor occupations face particularly steep burdens. In addition to paying hundreds of dollars in fees, both must demonstrate roughly 1,463 days of education and experience (comprising four years of experience and 16 hours of education). That is triple the average education and experience requirements across licensed states.

Oregon also makes it much more difficult to enter some occupations than others that may present greater risks to the public. For example, EMTs need demonstrate only about a month of education and experience, (an estimated 28 days, comprising 110 hours of education and 16 hours of experience) and pass two exams to become licensed. But cosmetologists must complete more than a year of education (about 397 days or 1,700 hours) and pass three exams. Oregon could improve its rankings by reducing or repealing these and other illogical licensing burdens—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

State Licensing Requirements for Lower-Income Occupations

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank Occupation Number of States that License Fees Education/Experience (Days) Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $665 2,920 4 years 4 years 2 0 18
2 Athletic Trainer 49 $675 1,460 4 years 1 0 18
3 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Commercial) 25 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
3 Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial) 24 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
3 Door Repair Contractor (Commercial) 24 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
3 Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
3 Floor Sander Contractor (Commercial) 22 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
3 Glazier Contractor (Commercial) 26 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
3 Insulation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $410 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial) 26 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Mason Contractor (Commercial) 26 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Painting Contractor (Commercial) 22 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Paving Contractor (Commercial) 24 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Pipelayer Contractor 27 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial) 26 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
10 Terrazzo Contractor (Commercial) 23 $385 1,463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
19 Midwife, Direct Entry 28 $1650 1,095 3 years 2 12 0
20 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $425 1,095 3 years 1 12 18
20 Security Alarm Installer 37 $425 1,095 3 years 1 12 18
22 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $730 730 2 years 1 0 0
22 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $730 730 2 years 1 0 0
24 Veterinary Technician 36 $345 730 2 years 2 0 0
25 School Bus Driver 51 $239 368 1 years and 15 clock hours 6 0 18
26 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $229 365 1 years 5 0 18
27 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $156 365 1 years 5 0 18
28 Truck Driver, Other 51 $156 365 1 years 4 0 18
29 Mobile Home Installer 39 $440 376 16 clock hours 1600 clock hours 2 0 18
30 Cosmetologist 51 $115 397 1700 clock hours 3 0 0
31 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $170 365 1 years 1 0 18
32 Barber 51 $100 315 1500 Hours 3 0 0
32 Shampooer 37 $100 315 1350 clock hours 3 0 0
34 Massage Therapist 44 $400 146 625 clock hours 2 0 18
35 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $115 2 12 clock hours 1 12 18
36 Pharmacy Technician 44 $231 0 1 12 0
37 Manicurist 50 $90 140 600 clock hours 3 0 0
38 Makeup Artist 41 $115 117 500 clock hours 3 0 0
38 Skin Care Specialist 50 $115 117 500 clock hours 3 0 0
40 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $264 0 3 0 18
41 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $234 28 110 clock hours 16 clock hours 2 0 18
42 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 30 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 27 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 30 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 30 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
42 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
52 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 $385 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
52 Painting Contractor (Residential) 28 $385 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
52 Paving Contractor (Residential) 28 $385 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
52 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 $385 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
52 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 $385 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
57 Pest Control Applicator 51 $206 0 2 0 18
58 Still Machine Setter, Dairy Equipment 3 $50 0 2 0 18
59 Milk Sampler 42 $25 0 2 0 18
60 Bartender 13 $26 1 3.75 clock hours 1 0 21
61 Child Care Home, Family 44 $78 1 5 clock hours 0 0 18
62 Fisher, Commercial 43 $454 0 0 0 0
63 Locksmith 14 $180 0 1 0 0
64 Bill Collection Agency 31 $350 0 0 0 0
65 Farm Labor Contractor 10 $150 0 1 0 0
66 Wildlife Control Operator 23 $85 0 1 0 0
67 Travel Guide 37 $150 0 0 0 0
68 Taxidermist 28 $104 0 0 0 0
69 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $0 1 5 clock hours 0 0 0