Ohio licenses 40 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are about average when compared to other states. The state's licensing laws rank 32nd in the nation. Ohio licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Social and Human Service Assistant (1 other), Upholsterer (9 other).
On average, Ohio requires $145 in licensing fees, 269 days of education and about 1 exam.
Out of the 40 occupations that require an occupational license in Ohio, licenses for , HVAC Contractor (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) have the highest burden.
Out of the 40 occupations that require an occupational license in Ohio, a license for Weigher has the lowest burden. A Weigher license requires $10 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license in Ohio costs the most for Athletic Trainer. A Athletic Trainer license requires $537 in fees, 2 exams, no experience, and 4 years of education.
An occupational license for in Ohio costs the least for Makeup Artist, Shampooer, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Coach, Head (High School Sports) where the license costs $0.
In Ohio, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for HVAC Contractor (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial).It takes 1825 days (5 years) total.
In Ohio, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Makeup Artist, Shampooer, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Animal Breeder, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Earth Driller, Water Well, Pest Control Applicator, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential), Wildlife Control Operator, Milk Sampler, Upholsterer, Security Guard, Unarmed, Fisher, Commercial, Weigher.
In Ohio, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: HVAC Contractor (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial), Athletic Trainer, Optician, School Bus Driver, Veterinary Technician, Preschool Teacher, Public School, Barber, Auctioneer, Cosmetologist, Mobile Home Installer, Massage Therapist, Skin Care Specialist, Pharmacy Technician, Manicurist, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Emergency Medical Technician, Truck Driver, Other, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator, Wildlife Control Operator, Milk Sampler. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.
Ohio’s occupational licensing laws for lower-income occupations are the 20th most burdensome, requiring, on average, $188 in fees, 350 days of education and experience, and around one exam. Ohio licenses fewer of the occupations studied here—40 of 102—than average, making it the nation’s 38th most broadly and onerously licensed state.
Ohio is the only state to license social and human service assistants, and it does so onerously: Its license requires a $50 fee, two years (730 days) of education, and one exam. As no other state deems licensure of social and human service assistants necessary, Ohio’s decision to license the occupation at all, let alone so arduously, is questionable. Ohio also imposes heavy education and experience burdens on would-be auctioneers, requiring an estimated 379 days (comprising one year of experience and 10 days of education) to become licensed. But the average across licensed states is 94 days—and 21 states do not even license auctioneers at all.
Ohio also imposes burdens on several occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, barbers lose 420 days (1,800 hours) to education, and cosmetologists 350 days (1,500 hours). EMTs, on the other hand, lose only 35 days (150 hours) to education before they are allowed to provide life-saving aid. Ohio could expand employment opportunities in the state by repealing or reducing its arduous licensing requirements for barbers, cosmetologists and other lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives such as inspections or voluntary certification.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||HVAC Contractor (Commercial)||37||210||1825||None||5 years||2||0||18|
|1||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial)||37||210||1825||None||5 years||2||0||18|
|3||Athletic Trainer||49||537||1460||4 years||None||2||0||0|
|5||School Bus Driver||51||211||735||27 clock hours||2 years||6||0||21|
|6||Veterinary Technician||36||378||730||2 years||None||1||0||0|
|7||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||305||730||2 years||None||1||0||0|
|8||Social and Human Service Assistant||1||64||730||0.5 clock hour & 2 years||None||0||0||0|
|9||Barber||51||120||420||1800 clock hours||None||2||8||18|
|10||Auctioneer||28||240||379||10 days||1 year||3||0||18|
|11||Cosmetologist||51||77||350||1500 clock hours||None||2||10||16|
|12||Mobile Home Installer||37||369||367||12 clock hours||1 year||1||0||18|
|13||Massage Therapist||45||391||175||750 clock hours||None||1||12||18|
|14||Skin Care Specialist||51||120||140||600 clock hours||None||2||10||16|
|15||Pharmacy Technician||44||97||70||None||300 clock hours||1||12||18|
|16||Manicurist||51||205||47||200 clock hours||None||2||10||16|
|17||Child Care Home, Family||44||250||8||37 clock hours||None||0||12||18|
|18||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||167||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|19||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||122||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|20||Emergency Medical Technician||51||98||36||155.5 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|21||Truck Driver, Other||51||122||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|24||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||70||0||None||None||5||0||0|
|26||Gaming Cage Worker||30||0||0||None||None||0||0||21|
|30||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||250||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|31||Pest Control Applicator||51||70||0||None||None||2||0||0|
|32||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||125||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|32||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||125||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|34||Wildlife Control Operator||23||40||0||None||None||1||0||0|
|37||Security Guard, Unarmed||34||40||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|39||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||0||2||13.5 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report