New Mexico licenses 66 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are more burdensome than most other states. The state's licensing laws rank 10th in the nation. New Mexico licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Dietetic Technician (2 other), Teacher Assistant, Non-Instructional (5 other), Packer (7 other).
On average, New Mexico requires $273 in licensing fees, 495 days of education and about 2 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Midwife, Direct Entry.
Out of the 66 occupations that require an occupational license in New Mexico, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $944 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 66 occupations that require an occupational license in New Mexico, licenses for Fisher, Commercial, Packer have the lowest burden.
An occupational license in New Mexico costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $1370 in fees, 2 exams, no experience, and 2 years of education.
An occupational license for in New Mexico costs the least for Bartender, Milk Sampler where the license costs $0.
In New Mexico, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School. It takes 2555 days (7 years) total. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $944 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
In New Mexico, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Teacher Assistant, Non-Instructional, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Weigher, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential), Fisher, Commercial, Packer.
In New Mexico, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential), HVAC Contractor (Commercial), HVAC Contractor (Residential), Athletic Trainer, Travel Guide, Midwife, Direct Entry, Bill Collection Agency, Fire Alarm Installer, Security Alarm Installer, Pipelayer Contractor, Earth Driller, Water Well, Dietetic Technician, Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial), Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential), Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial), Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential), Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial), Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential), Mason Contractor (Commercial), Mason Contractor (Residential), Paving Contractor (Commercial), Paving Contractor (Residential), Door Repair Contractor (Commercial), Door Repair Contractor (Residential), Glazier Contractor (Commercial), Glazier Contractor (Residential), Insulation Contractor (Commercial), Insulation Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential), Veterinary Technician, Interpreter, Sign Language, Cosmetologist, Mobile Home Installer, Barber, Shampooer, Massage Therapist, Pharmacy Technician, Crane Operator, Makeup Artist, Skin Care Specialist, Manicurist, School Bus Driver, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Emergency Medical Technician, Truck Driver, Other, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Security Guard, Unarmed, Bartender, Pest Control Applicator, Milk Sampler. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.
New Mexico’s licensing laws for lower-income occupations are some of the most arduous in the nation, ranking as the ninth most burdensome. The laws require, on average, $266 in fees, 520 days of education and experience, and about two exams. New Mexico also licenses more lower-income occupations than average—66 of the 102 studied here—making it the 11th most broadly and onerously licensed state.
New Mexico frequently licenses occupations that are unlicensed by other states, such as sign language interpreters (licensed by 21 other states), crane operators (17 others), bartenders (12 others), packers (five others), non-instructional teacher assistants (four others) and dietetic technicians (just one other). Dietetic technicians also face particularly steep burdens in New Mexico, where they must pay $180 in fees, sacrifice 835 days—more than two years—to education and experience, and pass an exam. Dietetic technicians operate nearly everywhere else without needing state licensure, calling into question whether New Mexico should license them at all—let alone so onerously.
New Mexico also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, the requirements to run a bill collection agency in New Mexico are $800 in fees, two years (730 days) of experience and one exam. Meanwhile, the requirements to become an EMT are $218 in fees, 180 hours (roughly 42 days) of education and two exams. It should not require 17 times more education and experience to run a bill collection agency than it does to become an emergency first responder. New Mexico could broaden employment opportunities in the state by reducing or repealing its illogical licensing requirements for bill collection agencies and other occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing licenses with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||944||2555||4 years||3 years||2||0||18|
|2||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial)||37||537||1460||None||4 years||4||0||18|
|2||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential)||36||537||1460||None||4 years||4||0||18|
|4||HVAC Contractor (Commercial)||37||324||1460||None||4 years||2||0||18|
|4||HVAC Contractor (Residential)||35||324||1460||None||4 years||2||0||18|
|6||Athletic Trainer||49||680||1460||4 years||None||2||0||0|
|7||Travel Guide||37||550||1095||None||3 years||1||0||21|
|8||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||1370||730||2 years||None||2||12||0|
|9||Bill Collection Agency||29||800||730||None||2 years||1||12||18|
|10||Fire Alarm Installer||39||503||730||None||2 years||3||0||18|
|10||Security Alarm Installer||37||503||730||None||2 years||3||0||18|
|12||Pipelayer Contractor||27||324||730||None||2 years||3||0||18|
|13||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||200||730||None||2 years||3||0||20|
|14||Dietetic Technician||2||180||835||2 years||450 clock hours||1||0||0|
|15||Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial)||24||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential)||30||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial)||25||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential)||30||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial)||26||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential)||30||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Mason Contractor (Commercial)||26||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Mason Contractor (Residential)||31||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Paving Contractor (Commercial)||24||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|15||Paving Contractor (Residential)||28||324||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|25||Door Repair Contractor (Commercial)||24||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Door Repair Contractor (Residential)||29||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Glazier Contractor (Commercial)||26||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Glazier Contractor (Residential)||30||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Insulation Contractor (Commercial)||24||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Insulation Contractor (Residential)||30||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial)||26||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|25||Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential)||31||255||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|33||Veterinary Technician||36||450||730||2 years||None||2||0||0|
|34||Interpreter, Sign Language||22||305||420||60 credit hours||None||2||12||18|
|35||Cosmetologist||51||263||373||1600 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|36||Mobile Home Installer||37||269||422||12 clock hours||1800 clock hours||1||0||0|
|37||Barber||51||325||280||1200 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|38||Shampooer||33||150||280||1200 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|39||Massage Therapist||45||275||152||650 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|40||Pharmacy Technician||44||162||140||600 clock hours||None||1||12||0|
|41||Crane Operator||16||438||117||None||500 clock hours||4||0||18|
|42||Makeup Artist||37||225||140||600 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|42||Skin Care Specialist||51||225||140||600 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|44||Manicurist||51||225||93||400 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|45||Teacher Assistant, Non-Instructional||5||94||0||None||None||0||12||18|
|46||School Bus Driver||51||18||7||30.5 clock hours||None||6||0||18|
|47||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||18||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|47||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||18||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|49||Emergency Medical Technician||51||207||35||150 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|50||Truck Driver, Other||51||18||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|51||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||79||3||17 clock hours||None||0||12||0|
|52||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||240||21||3 credit hours||None||3||0||0|
|53||Security Guard, Unarmed||34||94||1||8 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|54||Bartender||12||0||1||4.5 clock hours||None||1||0||21|
|55||Pest Control Applicator||51||185||21||3 credit hours||None||2||0||0|
|56||Gaming Cage Worker||30||75||0||None||None||0||0||21|
|60||Child Care Home, Family||44||59||11||45 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|61||Milk Sampler||43||0||1||1 day||None||1||0||0|
|63||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||75||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|63||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||75||0||None||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report