New Hampshire licenses 37 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are about average when compared to other states. The state's licensing laws rank 19th in the nation. New Hampshire licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Animal Trainer (7 other).
On average, New Hampshire requires $209 in licensing fees, 326 days of education and about 2 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Interpreter, Sign Language, Midwife, Direct Entry.
Out of the 37 occupations that require an occupational license in New Hampshire, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $566 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 37 occupations that require an occupational license in New Hampshire, licenses for Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential) have the lowest burden.
An occupational license in New Hampshire costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $1430 in fees, 2 exams, no experience, and 2 years of education.
An occupational license for in New Hampshire costs the least for Milk Sampler. A Milk Sampler license requires $5 in fees, 1 exams, no experience, and no of education.
In New Hampshire, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School. It takes 2555 days (7 years) total. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $566 in fees, 2 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
In New Hampshire, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Other, Travel Guide, Weigher, Animal Breeder, Child Care Home, Family, Pharmacy Technician, Gaming Supervisor, Milk Sampler, Optician, Fisher, Commercial, Taxidermist, Gaming Dealer, Security Guard, Unarmed, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential).
In New Hampshire, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Interpreter, Sign Language, Athletic Trainer, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator, Earth Driller, Water Well, Midwife, Direct Entry, School Bus Driver, Cosmetologist, Barber, Massage Therapist, Makeup Artist, Skin Care Specialist, Manicurist, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Emergency Medical Technician, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Other, Auctioneer, Travel Guide, Weigher, Animal Trainer, Milk Sampler. Vegetation Pesticide Applicator requires 11 exams.
New Hampshire licenses 38 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here—fewer than average—and its laws rank as the 34th most burdensome. On average, New Hampshire’s barriers to entry to lower-income occupations are $183 in fees, 273 days of education and experience, and roughly two exams. New Hampshire ranks as the 41st most broadly and onerously licensed, placing it among the nation’s less burdened states.
New Hampshire licenses several occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere, such as animal trainers (licensed by eight other states), sign language interpreters (21 others), opticians (21 others) and auctioneers (29 others). Among those, sign language interpreters face particularly steep burdens in New Hampshire: $875 in fees, about 1,469 days (four years and 40 hours) of education and two exams.
New Hampshire also makes it much more difficult to enter many occupations—such as barbering or cosmetology—than it does to become an EMT, an occupation that arguably has a stronger connection to public safety. Barbers must complete 800 hours (an estimated 187 days) of education, while cosmetologists must complete 1,500 hours (an estimated 350 days). EMTs, on the other hand, need only complete 150 hours (an estimated 35 days) of education. In 2017, New Hampshire exempted hair braiders from the state’s cosmetology laws. It could expand opportunities by reducing or repealing its heavy licensing burdens for other lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is demonstrably necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive alternatives.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||566||2555||4 years||3 years||2||0||0|
|2||Interpreter, Sign Language||22||1085||1460||4 years||None||2||0||18|
|3||Athletic Trainer||49||560||1460||4 years||None||1||0||0|
|4||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||95||1095||None||3 years||11||0||18|
|5||Pest Control Applicator||51||75||1095||None||3 years||7||0||18|
|6||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||185||1095||None||3 years||1||0||0|
|7||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||1430||730||2 years||None||2||12||0|
|8||School Bus Driver||51||100||732||10 clock hours||2 years||6||0||18|
|9||Mobile Home Installer||37||75||731||6 clock hours||2 years||0||0||18|
|10||Cosmetologist||51||218||350||1500 clock hours||None||2||12||0|
|11||Barber||51||233||187||800 clock hours||None||2||12||16|
|12||Massage Therapist||45||305||175||750 clock hours||None||1||12||18|
|13||Makeup Artist||37||223||140||600 clock hours||None||2||12||0|
|14||Skin Care Specialist||51||174||140||600 clock hours||None||2||12||0|
|15||Manicurist||51||218||70||300 clock hours||None||2||12||0|
|16||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||80||0||None||None||6||0||18|
|17||Emergency Medical Technician||51||146||35||150 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|18||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||90||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|19||Truck Driver, Other||51||80||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|20||Auctioneer||28||275||19||80 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|24||Child Care Home, Family||44||43||0||None||None||0||0||18|
|27||Animal Trainer||7||39||3||15 clock hours||None||2||0||0|
|28||Wildlife Control Operator||23||139||1||6 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
|33||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||25||2||14 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
|34||Security Guard, Unarmed||34||40||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|36||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||25||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|36||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||25||0||None||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report