Montana licenses 32 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are about average when compared to other states. The state's licensing laws rank 21st in the nation.
On average, Montana requires $316 in licensing fees, 295 days of education and about 2 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Midwife, Direct Entry, Travel Guide.
Out of the 32 occupations that require an occupational license in Montana, a license for School Bus Driver has the highest burden. A School Bus Driver license requires $27 in fees, 6 exams, 5 years experience, and no of education.
Out of the 32 occupations that require an occupational license in Montana, a license for Taxidermist has the lowest burden. A Taxidermist license requires $50 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license in Montana costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $2400 in fees, 1 exams, 10 births experience, and 2 years of education.
An occupational license for in Montana costs the least for Child Care Home, Family, Coach, Head (High School Sports) where the license costs $0.
In Montana, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for School Bus Driver. It takes 1825 days (5 years) total. A School Bus Driver license requires $27 in fees, 6 exams, 5 years experience, and no of education.
In Montana, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Pest Control Applicator, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Fisher, Commercial, Milk Sampler, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential), Gaming Dealer, Taxidermist.
In Montana, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: School Bus Driver, Athletic Trainer, Midwife, Direct Entry, Security Alarm Installer, Fire Alarm Installer, Cosmetologist, Shampooer, Barber, Earth Driller, Water Well, Travel Guide, Makeup Artist, Skin Care Specialist, Crane Operator, Massage Therapist, Pharmacy Technician, Manicurist, Emergency Medical Technician, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Pest Control Applicator, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Milk Sampler. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.
Montana is one of the least broadly and onerously licensed states in the nation, ranking 49th out of all 50 states and Washington, D.C. Montana licenses 32 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here, well below the national average. However, Montana’s laws for the occupations it does license rank as the 23rd most burdensome because they are slightly more arduous than average, requiring $261 in fees, 312 days of education and experience, and an estimated two exams.
Montana imposes more onerous requirements than many other states for some occupations. For example, school bus drivers in Montana must demonstrate roughly 1,825 days (five years) of experience. This is six times higher than the national average of just 300 days.
Montana also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For instance, in Montana, manicurists and massage therapists face more stringent requirements than EMTs. To provide their services, these workers must complete between 93 and 117 days of education. EMTs, on the other hand, can become licensed after completing only around 26 days (110 hours) of education. Montana should reduce or repeal its illogical licensing requirements for manicurists, massage therapists and other lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives such as inspections or voluntary certification.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||School Bus Driver||51||27||1825||None||5 years||6||0||18|
|2||Athletic Trainer||49||565||1460||4 years||None||1||0||0|
|3||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||66||1460||2 clock hours & 4 years||None||0||0||0|
|4||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||2400||930||2 years||10 births||1||12||21|
|5||Security Alarm Installer||37||475||730||None||2 years||1||0||18|
|6||Fire Alarm Installer||39||655||730||None||2 years||2||0||0|
|7||Cosmetologist||51||269||350||1500 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|8||Shampooer||33||269||257||1100 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|9||Barber||51||129||257||1100 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|10||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||375||365||None||1 year||1||0||0|
|11||Travel Guide||37||1950||182||None||100 days & 6 weeks||1||0||18|
|12||Makeup Artist||37||284||152||650 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|13||Skin Care Specialist||51||230||152||650 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|14||Crane Operator||16||100||233||None||1000 clock hours||1||0||18|
|15||Massage Therapist||45||335||117||500 clock hours||None||1||12||18|
|16||Pharmacy Technician||44||164||117||500 clock hours||None||1||12||18|
|17||Manicurist||51||284||93||400 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|18||Emergency Medical Technician||51||148||35||150 clock hours||None||2||12||18|
|19||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||27||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|19||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||27||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|21||Truck Driver, Other||51||27||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|22||Security Guard, Unarmed||34||130||3||16 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|23||Child Care Home, Family||44||0||4||25 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|24||Pest Control Applicator||51||85||0||None||None||2||0||0|
|24||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||85||0||None||None||2||0||0|
|28||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||175||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|28||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||175||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|31||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||0||2||14 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report