Minnesota licenses 35 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are less burdensome than most other states. The state's licensing laws rank 36th in the nation. Minnesota licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Dental Assistant (8 other), Electrical Helper (3 other), Title Examiner (7 other), Packer (7 other), Tree Trimmer (8 other).
On average, Minnesota requires $243 in licensing fees, 266 days of education and about 2 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Midwife, Direct Entry, Bill Collection Agency.
Out of the 35 occupations that require an occupational license in Minnesota, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $393 in fees, 3 exams, no experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 35 occupations that require an occupational license in Minnesota, a license for Tree Trimmer has the lowest burden. A Tree Trimmer license requires $25 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license in Minnesota costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $1500 in fees, 1 exams, no experience, and 2 years of education.
An occupational license for in Minnesota costs the least for Coach, Head (High School Sports). A Coach, Head (High School Sports) license requires $0 in fees, no exams, no experience, and 60 clock hours of education.
In Minnesota, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School, Athletic Trainer, Earth Driller, Water Well.It takes 1460 days (4 years) total.
In Minnesota, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Pharmacy Technician, School Bus Driver, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Crane Operator, Bill Collection Agency, Auctioneer, Electrical Helper, Mobile Home Installer, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Milk Sampler, Title Examiner, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential), Animal Breeder, Fisher, Commercial, Taxidermist, Packer, Tree Trimmer.
In Minnesota, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Athletic Trainer, Earth Driller, Water Well, Fire Alarm Installer, Security Alarm Installer, Midwife, Direct Entry, Pest Control Applicator, Barber, Cosmetologist, Dental Assistant, Skin Care Specialist, Manicurist, School Bus Driver, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Emergency Medical Technician, Truck Driver, Other, Crane Operator, Mobile Home Installer, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Milk Sampler, Title Examiner. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.
Minnesota is one of the better states in the nation for occupational licensing, ranking as only the 46th most broadly and onerously licensed state for lower-income occupations. It licenses 34 of the 102 occupations studied here, which is fewer than most states. Its laws rank as the 29th most burdensome and require, on average, $238 in fees, 300 days of education and experience, and around two exams.
Despite its better-than-average rankings, Minnesota licenses some occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states license electrical helpers (just one), packers (five), title examiners (six) or dental assistants (eight). Workers in these occupations are allowed to operate in most states without state licensure, calling into question why Minnesota deems licensure necessary. Minnesota also licenses dental assistants more stringently than the few other states that license the occupation, requiring $681 in fees, an estimated 425 days of education and three exams. By comparison, the average requirements across licensed states are just $138 in fees, 92 days of education and experience, and one exam.
Minnesota licenses dental assistants so onerously that it is easier to become an EMT than it is to become a dental assistant. EMTs must complete just 150 hours (roughly 35 days) of education, meaning that dental assistants need 12 times as much schooling. Cosmetologists and barbers also face more stringent licensing requirements than EMTs. Cosmetologists must demonstrate 10 times as much education (1,550 hours or roughly 362 days) and barbers almost 18 times as much (1,500 hours each of education and experience, equivalent to 613 days). Minnesota could reduce barriers to employment in lower-income occupations by reducing or repealing such high education and experience requirements, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing occupational licenses with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||393||1460||4 years||None||3||0||0|
|2||Athletic Trainer||49||578||1460||4 years||None||1||0||0|
|3||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||325||1460||None||4 years||1||0||0|
|4||Fire Alarm Installer||39||316||1092||None||36 months||1||0||0|
|4||Security Alarm Installer||37||316||1092||None||36 months||1||0||0|
|6||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||1500||730||2 years||None||1||12||0|
|7||Pest Control Applicator||51||400||730||None||2 years||2||0||0|
|8||Barber||51||160||350||1500 clock hours||None||3||10||0|
|9||Cosmetologist||51||280||362||1550 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|10||Dental Assistant||8||659||305||43.5 credit hours||None||3||0||0|
|11||Skin Care Specialist||51||285||140||600 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|12||Manicurist||51||280||82||350 clock hours||None||3||0||17|
|14||School Bus Driver||51||56||0||None||None||6||0||18|
|15||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||49||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|16||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||42||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|17||Emergency Medical Technician||51||98||35||150 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|18||Truck Driver, Other||51||54||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|20||Bill Collection Agency||29||1010||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|21||Child Care Home, Family||44||90||2||10 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|24||Mobile Home Installer||37||230||0||None||None||2||0||0|
|25||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||75||0||None||None||2||0||0|
|28||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||225||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|28||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||225||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|30||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||0||14||60 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report