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Michigan

49 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed

33rd most burdensome licensing laws for moderate-income occupations

30th most extensively and onerously licensed state for moderate-income occupations

Summary

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2017.

Michigan licenses 49 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here, which is fewer than the national average. Its laws are the 33rd most burdensome. On average, Michigan’s barriers to entry into lower-income occupations are $242 in fees, 255 days lost to education and experience, and approximately two exams. It ranks as the 30th most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Michigan licenses some occupations that are not licensed by other states. For example, 15 states do not license veterinary technicians at all, but to work in Michigan they must pay $350 in fees, complete two years (730 days) of education and pass an exam. Similarly, many states do not license animal control officers (44), taxi drivers and chauffeurs (35), or residential painting contractors (23), among other occupations. Michigan also imposes more onerous requirements than many other states for some occupations. Fire alarm installers, for example, must pay $1,045 in fees before becoming licensed. That is nearly twice the $557 average across states that license the occupation.

Michigan also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, people wishing to start a bill collection agency must demonstrate six months (roughly 182 days) of experience to receive a license. Meanwhile, EMTs must complete only 194 hours (about 45 days) of education. Not only is it illogical to require four times as much training for bill collection agencies as for emergency first responders, but 20 states do not license bill collection agencies at all. Michigan can expand employment opportunities in the state by reducing or repealing irrationally burdensome licensing requirements, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing licensing with less restrictive regulatory alternatives such as insurance, inspections or voluntary certification.

State Licensing Requirements for Lower-Income Occupations

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank Occupation Number of States that License Fees Education/Experience (Days) Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $445 2,555 4 years 3 years 2 0 18
2 Athletic Trainer 49 $638 1,460 4 years 1 0 0
3 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $400 1,095 3 years 1 0 0
3 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $400 1,095 3 years 1 0 0
3 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $400 1,095 3 years 1 0 0
3 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $400 1,095 3 years 1 0 0
7 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $1045 730 2 years 4 0 20
8 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $40 730 2 years 2 12 18
9 Veterinary Technician 36 $350 730 2 years 1 0 0
10 Barber 51 $30 420 1800 clock hours 2 10 17
11 Cosmetologist 51 $200 350 1500 clock hours 2 9 17
11 Shampooer 37 $200 350 1500 clock hours 2 9 17
13 Bill Collection Agency 31 $300 182 6 months 1 12 18
14 Makeup Artist 41 $200 93 400 clock hours 2 9 17
14 Manicurist 50 $200 93 400 clock hours 2 9 17
14 Skin Care Specialist 50 $200 93 400 clock hours 2 9 17
17 Massage Therapist 44 $290 117 500 clock hours 1 12 0
18 Security Alarm Installer 37 $625 0 1 12 21
19 School Bus Driver 51 $70 3 18 clock hours 6 0 18
20 Child Care Home, Family 44 $110 1 6 clock hours 0 12 18
21 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $65 0 5 0 18
22 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $60 0 5 0 18
23 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $120 45 194 clock hours 2 0 18
24 Gaming Supervisor 30 $750 0 0 0 21
24 Slot Supervisor 28 $750 0 0 0 21
26 Pharmacy Technician 44 $184 0 1 12 0
27 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Painting Contractor (Residential) 28 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 $286 14 60 clock hours 2 0 18
34 Truck Driver, Other 51 $60 0 4 0 18
35 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $75 0 3 0 18
36 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 $286 14 60 clock hours 0 0 18
37 Pest Control Applicator 51 $75 0 2 0 18
38 Gaming Cage Worker 29 $200 0 0 0 21
38 Gaming Dealer 28 $200 0 0 0 21
40 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 16 $35 0 1 0 18
41 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $0 1 7 clock hours 0 0 18
42 Milk Sampler 42 $50 0 2 0 0
43 Mobile Home Installer 39 $150 1 8 clock hours 1 0 0
44 Animal Control Officer 7 $0 23 100 clock hours 0 0 0
45 Taxidermist 28 $100 0 0 0 0
46 Fisher, Commercial 43 $66 0 0 0 0
47 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $35 0 0 0 0
47 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $35 0 0 0 0
49 Animal Breeder 28 $18 0 0 0 0