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Maryland

Maryland Occupational Licensing

58 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed

9th most burdensome licensing laws for moderate-income occupations

Average Fees for Licenses:$295

Maryland Licensing Overview

Maryland licenses 58 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are more burdensome than most other states. The state's licensing laws rank 9th in the nation. Maryland licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Tree Trimmer (8 other), Packer (7 other), Animal Trainer (7 other).

On average, Maryland requires $295 in licensing fees, 532 days of education and about 1 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Midwife, Direct Entry.

Which occupation in a Maryland is the most regulated?

Out of the 58 occupations that require an occupational license in Maryland, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $517 in fees, 4 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.

Which occupation in a Maryland is the least regulated?

Out of the 58 occupations that require an occupational license in Maryland, a license for Animal Trainer has the lowest burden. A Animal Trainer license requires $5 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.

Which occupational license in Maryland is the most expensive?

An occupational license in Maryland costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $2231 in fees, 1 exams, no experience, and 2 years of education.

Which occupational license in Maryland is the least expensive?

An occupational license for in Maryland costs the least for Coach, Head (High School Sports), Crane Operator where the license costs $0.

Which occupational license in Maryland takes the most time to obtain?

In Maryland, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School. It takes 2555 days (7 years) total. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $517 in fees, 4 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.

Which occupational license in Maryland takes the least time to obtain?

In Maryland, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Wildlife Control Operator, Security Alarm Installer, Crane Operator, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Bill Collection Agency, Fisher, Commercial, Taxidermist, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Security Guard, Unarmed, Animal Breeder, Travel Guide, Packer, Farm Labor Contractor, Animal Trainer.

In Maryland, which occupational licenses require exams?

In Maryland, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Earth Driller, Water Well, HVAC Contractor (Commercial), HVAC Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential), Athletic Trainer, Midwife, Direct Entry, Tree Trimmer, Veterinary Technician, Landscape Contractor (Residential), Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential), Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential), Door Repair Contractor (Residential), Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential), Floor Sander Contractor (Residential), Glazier Contractor (Residential), Insulation Contractor (Residential), Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential), Mason Contractor (Residential), Painting Contractor (Residential), Paving Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential), Terrazzo Contractor (Residential), Massage Therapist, Cosmetologist, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator, Skin Care Specialist, Manicurist, Barber, School Bus Driver, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Truck Driver, Other, Emergency Medical Technician, Pharmacy Technician, Wildlife Control Operator, Milk Sampler, Crane Operator, Taxidermist. School Bus Driver requires 6 exams.

Maryland’s licensing laws for lower-income occupations are the 11th most burdensome. On average, Maryland’s barriers to entry into these occupations are $288 in fees, 529 days lost to education and experience, and about one exam. Because it licenses slightly fewer occupations than similarly burdensome states—59 of the 102 studied here—Maryland ranks as the nation’s 20th most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Maryland licenses several occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states license packers (five), tree trimmers (six), animal trainers (eight), upholsterers (nine) or farm labor contractors (nine). Among those, tree trimmers face particularly steep burdens. To obtain a license, they must demonstrate two years of education and one year of experience (1,095 days total), pass an exam, and pay a $30 fee. With so few states licensing tree trimmers, it is questionable for Maryland to license them at all, let alone so onerously.

Maryland also imposes high education and experience requirements on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, EMTs are deemed competent to work as first responders after only 165 hours (approximately 39 days) of education. Meanwhile, barbers must complete 1,200 hours (roughly 280 days) of education and cosmetologists 1,500 hours (roughly 350 days) before becoming licensed. To expand opportunity, Maryland should reduce, if not repeal, inconsistent or irrational burdens like these, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Maryland State Licensing Requirements for Lower-Income Occupations

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank Occupation Number of States that License Fees Education/Experience (Days) Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 517 2555 4 years 3 years 4 0 0
2 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 525 2190 None 6 years 3 0 18
3 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 405 2190 None 6 years 2 0 0
3 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 405 2190 None 6 years 2 0 0
5 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 155 2190 None 6 years 2 0 0
5 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 155 2190 None 6 years 2 0 0
7 Athletic Trainer 49 741 1460 4 years None 1 0 18
8 Midwife, Direct Entry 37 2231 730 2 years None 1 12 21
9 Tree Trimmer 8 30 1095 2 years 1 year 1 0 18
10 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 47 0 735 30 clock hours 2 years 0 12 23
11 Veterinary Technician 36 410 730 2 years None 2 0 18
12 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 533 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 30 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 27 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 30 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 30 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Painting Contractor (Residential) 27 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Paving Contractor (Residential) 28 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
13 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 433 730 None 2 years 1 0 18
26 Massage Therapist 45 745 560 60 credit hours & 600 clock hours None 2 0 18
27 Cosmetologist 51 104 350 1500 clock hours None 2 9 17
28 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 225 365 None 1 year 4 0 18
29 Pest Control Applicator 51 225 365 None 1 year 2 0 18
30 Skin Care Specialist 51 104 140 600 clock hours None 2 9 17
31 Manicurist 51 104 58 250 clock hours None 2 9 17
32 Barber 51 50 280 1200 clock hours None 2 0 0
33 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 13 53 182 None 6 months 0 0 18
34 School Bus Driver 51 140 3 17 clock hours None 6 0 21
35 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 140 0 None None 5 0 18
35 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 140 0 None None 5 0 18
37 Truck Driver, Other 51 140 0 None None 4 0 18
38 Emergency Medical Technician 51 85 39 165 clock hours None 2 0 16
39 Pharmacy Technician 44 83 37 None 160 clock hours 1 0 17
40 Wildlife Control Operator 23 50 0 None None 1 0 18
41 Security Alarm Installer 37 113 0 None None 0 0 18
42 Child Care Home, Family 44 51 6 36 clock hours None 0 0 18
43 Milk Sampler 43 50 1 None 1 day 2 0 0
44 Crane Operator 16 0 0 None None 2 0 0
45 Gaming Cage Worker 30 437 0 None None 0 0 0
45 Gaming Dealer 29 437 0 None None 0 0 0
45 Gaming Supervisor 31 437 0 None None 0 0 0
45 Slot Supervisor 29 437 0 None None 0 0 0
49 Bill Collection Agency 29 350 0 None None 0 0 0
50 Fisher, Commercial 43 300 0 None None 0 0 0
51 Taxidermist 28 50 0 None None 1 0 0
52 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 100 0 None None 0 0 0
53 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 66 0 None None 0 0 0
54 Animal Breeder 29 62 0 None None 0 0 0
55 Travel Guide 37 41 0 None None 0 0 0
56 Packer 7 30 0 None None 0 0 0
57 Farm Labor Contractor 10 25 0 None None 0 0 0
58 Animal Trainer 7 5 0 None None 0 0 0

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.

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