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Connecticut

64 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed

24th most burdensome licensing laws for moderate-income occupations

18th most extensively and onerously licensed state for moderate-income occupations

Summary

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2017.

Connecticut licenses 64 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here. Its laws are the 24th most burdensome, requiring, on average, $264 in fees, 361 days lost to education and experience, and approximately one exam. Because it licenses an above-average number of occupations, these burdens make Connecticut the 18th most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Connecticut imposes education burdens and fees on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, in Connecticut, it is more difficult to become a massage therapist than an EMT. To practice their craft, would-be massage therapists must complete 500 hours (roughly 117 days) of education and pay a $575 fee, while EMTs must complete only 150 hours (about 35 days) of education and pay an $80 fee.

Particularly troubling, Connecticut licenses two occupations that are licensed by no other states: home entertainment installers and forest workers. Home entertainment installers must sacrifice about 575 days to education and experience (comprising one year of experience and 900 hours of education), pay $185 in fees, and pass an exam before they can get to work. Forest workers must pay $300 in fees and pass an exam. Connecticut should consider reducing or repealing such unnecessary licensing burdens, or—if government regulation is necessary—replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

State Licensing Requirements for Lower-Income Occupations

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank Occupation Number of States that License Fees Education/Experience (Days) Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $1095 2,673 4 years 40 months 2 0 0
2 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $435 2,190 6 years 3 0 18
2 Security Alarm Installer 37 $435 2,190 6 years 3 0 18
4 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $465 2,190 6 years 3 0 0
5 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $371 1,825 5 years 3 0 0
6 Glazier Contractor (Commercial) 26 $315 1,825 5 years 2 0 0
7 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $465 1,561 4 years and 432 clock hours 3 0 18
8 Interpreter, Sign Language 22 $675 1,469 4 years and 40 clock hours 2 0 18
9 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $465 1,460 4 years 3 0 18
10 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $465 1,460 4 years 3 0 0
11 Athletic Trainer 49 $490 1,460 4 years 1 0 0
12 Optician 22 $650 730 2 years 4 12 18
13 Crane Operator 18 $100 730 2 years 2 0 18
14 Home Entertainment Installer 1 $185 575 900 clock hours 1 years 1 12 0
15 Cosmetologist 51 $100 350 1500 clock hours 1 9 0
16 Barber 51 $100 233 1000 clock hours 1 8 0
17 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $0 11 48 clock hours 0 12 18
18 School Bus Driver 51 $141 2 10 clock hours 6 0 21
19 Tree Trimmer 7 $725 0 2 0 18
20 Massage Therapist 44 $575 117 500 clock hours 1 0 0
21 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $136 0 5 0 21
22 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $131 0 5 0 18
23 Pest Control Applicator 51 $400 0 3 0 18
23 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $400 0 3 0 18
25 Truck Driver, Other 51 $126 0 4 0 18
26 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $80 35 150 clock hours 2 0 16
27 Fisher, Commercial 43 $385 0 0 0 16
28 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $201 1 8 clock hours 0 0 18
29 Child Care Home, Family 44 $52 0 0 0 20
30 Bill Collection Agency 31 $500 0 0 0 0
30 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Commercial) 25 $500 0 0 0 0
30 Insulation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $500 0 0 0 0
30 Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial) 26 $500 0 0 0 0
30 Mason Contractor (Commercial) 26 $500 0 0 0 0
35 Weigher 25 $40 0 0 0 18
36 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 16 $12 0 0 0 18
37 Forest Worker 1 $300 0 1 0 0
38 Wildlife Control Operator 23 $250 1 8.5 clock hours 1 0 0
39 Locksmith 14 $243 0 0 0 0
40 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 30 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 27 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 30 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 30 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Painting Contractor (Residential) 28 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Paving Contractor (Residential) 28 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 $220 0 0 0 0
40 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 $220 0 0 0 0
53 Animal Trainer 9 $50 0 1 0 0
54 Milk Sampler 42 $20 0 1 0 0
55 Taxidermist 28 $105 0 0 0 0
56 Pharmacy Technician 44 $100 0 0 0 0
56 Travel Guide 37 $100 0 0 0 0
58 Upholsterer 10 $75 0 0 0 0
59 Animal Breeder 28 $50 0 0 0 0
60 Gaming Cage Worker 29 $0 0 0 0 0
60 Gaming Dealer 28 $0 0 0 0 0
60 Gaming Supervisor 30 $0 0 0 0 0
60 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $0 0 0 0 0
60 Slot Supervisor 28 $0 0 0 0 0