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Arizona

68 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed

4th most burdensome licensing laws for moderate-income occupations

4th most extensively and onerously licensed state for moderate-income occupations

Summary

License to Work

The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2017.

Arizona remains one of the worst states in the nation when it comes to licensing burdens for lower-income occupations. It licenses 68 of the 102 occupations studied here, and its licensing laws rank as the fourth most burdensome, due to high licensing fees and arduous education and experience requirements. Occupational licenses in Arizona require an average of $612 in fees, 765 days—more than two years—of education and experience, and approximately two exams. Because it licenses so many occupations so onerously, Arizona ranks as the fourth most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Arizona imposes particularly burdensome fees and experience requirements on would-be licensees in several occupations. Its highest fees are roughly three times the national average. Bill collection agencies face Arizona’s heftiest fees, paying $1,500 (compared to the $551 average across licensed states). Water well earth drillers must pay $1,031 (compared to the $356 national average). And Arizona’s experience burdens for aspiring opticians are some of the heaviest of their type in the nation, requiring 1,095 days (three years) of experience. This is considerably higher than the average 714 days required in the 22 states that license opticians.

Arizona’s licensing laws are also rife with irrationalities, often imposing burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared with those for others that may pose greater risks. For example, 15 of the 33 Arizona contractor licenses studied are more burdensome than the state’s direct entry midwife license, and all of the contractor licenses studied are considerably more onerous than its EMT license, which merely requires a 110-hour course (an estimated 26 days lost), an $80 fee and two exams. To improve its rankings, Arizona should reduce or repeal its onerous licenses for contractors and other occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

State Licensing Requirements for Lower-Income Occupations

Select a chart to view:
Burden Rank Occupation Number of States that License Fees Education/Experience (Days) Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $437 2,190 4 years 2 years 2 0 0
2 Interpreter, Sign Language 22 $820 1,469 4 years and 40 clock hours 2 12 18
3 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Commercial) 25 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
3 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
3 Door Repair Contractor (Commercial) 24 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
3 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
3 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
3 Mason Contractor (Commercial) 26 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
3 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 $956 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
10 Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial) 26 $886 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
10 Pipelayer Contractor 27 $886 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
12 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 $826 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
12 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 30 $826 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
14 Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial) 24 $686 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
15 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $586 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
15 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $586 1,460 4 years 2 0 18
17 Paving Contractor (Commercial) 24 $836 1,460 4 years 1 0 18
18 Paving Contractor (Residential) 28 $636 1,460 4 years 1 0 18
19 Athletic Trainer 49 $622 1,460 4 years 1 0 0
20 Midwife, Direct Entry 28 $1150 1,095 3 years 2 12 21
21 Optician 22 $650 1,095 3 years 3 12 18
22 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $1031 1,095 3 years 3 0 18
23 Glazier Contractor (Commercial) 26 $956 1,095 3 years 2 0 18
23 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 30 $956 1,095 3 years 2 0 18
23 Terrazzo Contractor (Commercial) 23 $956 1,095 3 years 2 0 18
23 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 $956 1,095 3 years 2 0 18
27 Mobile Home Installer 39 $454 1,096 8 clock hours 3 years 1 0 0
28 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $956 730 2 years 2 0 18
28 Painting Contractor (Commercial) 22 $956 730 2 years 2 0 18
28 Painting Contractor (Residential) 28 $956 730 2 years 2 0 18
28 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $956 730 2 years 2 0 18
32 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $686 730 2 years 2 0 18
32 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $686 730 2 years 2 0 18
34 Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 30 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Floor Sander Contractor (Commercial) 22 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 27 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Insulation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial) 26 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
34 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 $906 730 2 years 1 0 18
42 Veterinary Technician 36 $150 730 2 years 2 0 18
43 Pest Control Applicator 51 $645 449 12 credit hours 1 years 4 0 18
43 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $645 449 12 credit hours 1 years 4 0 18
45 Cosmetologist 51 $247 373 1600 clock hours 2 10 16
46 School Bus Driver 51 $57 371 14 clock hours 1 years and 20 clock hours 7 0 18
47 Barber 51 $140 350 1500 clock hours 2 10 16
48 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $50 365 1 years 5 0 18
49 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $35 365 1 years 5 0 18
50 Truck Driver, Other 51 $50 365 1 years 4 0 18
51 Massage Therapist 44 $412 163 700 clock hours 1 12 18
52 Pharmacy Technician 44 $197 140 600 clock hours 1 12 18
53 Manicurist 50 $247 140 600 clock hours 2 10 16
53 Skin Care Specialist 50 $247 140 600 clock hours 2 10 16
55 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $129 163 15 credit hours 250 clock hours 0 0 0
56 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $80 26 110 clock hours 2 0 18
57 Travel Guide 37 $337 0 1 0 18
58 Bill Collection Agency 31 $1500 0 0 0 0
59 Weigher 25 $48 0 1 0 18
60 Gaming Cage Worker 29 $250 0 0 0 18
60 Gaming Dealer 28 $250 0 0 0 18
60 Gaming Supervisor 30 $250 0 0 0 18
60 Slot Supervisor 28 $250 0 0 0 18
64 Security Alarm Installer 37 $192 0 0 0 18
65 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $72 1 8 clock hours 0 0 18
66 Taxidermist 28 $150 0 0 0 0
67 Animal Breeder 28 $75 0 0 0 0
68 Milk Sampler 42 $50 0 0 0 0