New York licenses 41 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are about average when compared to other states. The state's licensing laws rank 30th in the nation. New York licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Upholsterer (9 other), Animal Trainer (7 other).
On average, New York requires $275 in licensing fees, 275 days of education and about 2 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Optician, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator.
Out of the 41 occupations that require an occupational license in New York, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $743 in fees, 3 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 41 occupations that require an occupational license in New York, a license for Weigher has the lowest burden. A Weigher license requires $15 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license in New York costs the most for Vegetation Pesticide Applicator. A Vegetation Pesticide Applicator license requires $2250 in fees, 5 exams, 1 year experience, and 42 clock hours of education.
An occupational license for in New York costs the least for Emergency Medical Technician, Taxi Driver/Chauffeur where the license costs $0.
In New York, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Preschool Teacher, Public School. It takes 2555 days (7 years) total. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $743 in fees, 3 exams, 3 years experience, and 4 years of education.
In New York, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Other, Travel Guide, Fisher, Commercial, Taxi Driver/Chauffeur, Earth Driller, Water Well, Wildlife Control Operator, Upholsterer, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Animal Breeder, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Landscape Contractor (Residential), Animal Trainer, Farm Labor Contractor, Weigher.
In New York, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Midwife, Direct Entry, Crane Operator, Optician, Mobile Home Installer, Veterinary Technician, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator, Massage Therapist, Cosmetologist, Skin Care Specialist, Makeup Artist, Fire Alarm Installer, Security Alarm Installer, School Bus Driver, Barber, Shampooer, Manicurist, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Truck Driver, Other, Emergency Medical Technician, Security Guard, Unarmed, Travel Guide, Earth Driller, Water Well, Wildlife Control Operator. Fire Alarm Installer, Security Alarm Installer, School Bus Driver require 6 exams.
New York licenses 41 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here, which is fewer than most other states. Its laws are the 32nd most burdensome, requiring an average of $279 in fees, 275 days of education and experience, and around two exams. New York ranks as the 37th most broadly and onerously licensed state.
Despite licensing fewer occupations than average, New York licenses some occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states license animal trainers (eight), upholsterers (nine), farm labor contractors (nine) or crane operators (17). Not only are crane operators unlicensed by most states, but they also face particularly heavy burdens in New York. Aspiring crane operators in the Empire State must demonstrate three years (1,095 days) of experience before they can work. But the average education and experience required of crane operators across licensed states is only 222 days of education and experience—just one fifth of the time required by New York. New York also requires much higher fees for some occupations than other states. While the national average fees for pesticide applicator licenses are $260, New York charges $3,000 for its vegetation pesticide applicator license and $2,200 for its pest control applicator one.
New York also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, its education requirements for veterinary technicians are considerably higher than those for EMTs, who provide emergency first aid to humans. Aspiring EMTs study for about a month (118 hours or an estimated 28 days), while would-be vet techs need 26 times more education—two years (730 days)—to become licensed. New York should evaluate whether such onerous licensing requirements can be reduced, repealed or—if government regulation is necessary—replaced with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||743||2555||4 years||3 years||3||0||0|
|2||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||822||2190||6 years||None||1||0||21|
|3||Crane Operator||16||150||1095||None||3 years||2||0||21|
|4||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||302||1112||75 clock hours||3 years||0||0||0|
|6||Mobile Home Installer||37||200||733||16 clock hours||2 years||1||12||0|
|7||Veterinary Technician||36||502||730||2 years||None||1||0||0|
|8||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||2250||374||42 clock hours||1 year||5||0||17|
|9||Pest Control Applicator||51||2000||374||42 clock hours||1 year||4||0||17|
|10||Massage Therapist||45||303||233||1000 clock hours||None||1||12||18|
|11||Child Care Home, Family||44||25||369||21 clock hours||1 year||0||0||18|
|12||Cosmetologist||51||70||233||1000 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|13||Skin Care Specialist||51||70||140||601 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|14||Makeup Artist||37||70||140||600 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|15||Fire Alarm Installer||39||289||19||81 clock hours||None||6||0||18|
|15||Security Alarm Installer||37||289||19||81 clock hours||None||6||0||18|
|17||School Bus Driver||51||50||1||4 clock hours||None||6||0||21|
|18||Barber||51||75||68||291 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|19||Shampooer||33||60||68||291 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|20||Manicurist||51||70||58||250 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|21||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||50||0||None||None||5||0||21|
|22||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||50||0||None||None||5||0||18|
|23||Truck Driver, Other||51||50||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|24||Emergency Medical Technician||51||0||35||150 clock hours||None||2||0||17|
|25||Security Guard, Unarmed||34||138||1||8 clock hours||None||1||0||18|
|29||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||160||0||None||None||2||0||0|
|30||Wildlife Control Operator||23||50||0||None||None||1||0||0|
|32||Gaming Cage Worker||30||105||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|36||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||100||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|36||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||100||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|40||Farm Labor Contractor||10||87||0||None||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report