New Jersey licenses 54 out of 102 lower-income occupations (more than half of the occupations included in the study) . The state’s licensing laws are more burdensome than most other states. The state's licensing laws rank 14th in the nation. New Jersey licensed occupations includes occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. Few other states license Animal Control Officer (7 other).
On average, New Jersey requires $279 in licensing fees, 422 days of education and about 1 exam. Fees for a license exceed $1000 for Midwife, Direct Entry.
Out of the 54 occupations that require an occupational license in New Jersey, a license for Preschool Teacher, Public School has the highest burden. A Preschool Teacher, Public School license requires $752 in fees, 3 exams, 2 years experience, and 4 years of education.
Out of the 54 occupations that require an occupational license in New Jersey, a license for Animal Breeder has the lowest burden. A Animal Breeder license requires $18 in fees, no exams, no experience, and no of education.
An occupational license in New Jersey costs the most for Midwife, Direct Entry. A Midwife, Direct Entry license requires $1610 in fees, 1 exams, no experience, and 2 years of education.
An occupational license for in New Jersey costs the least for Animal Control Officer, Milk Sampler where the license costs $0.
In New Jersey, an occupational license takes the most time (due to required education/experience) for Coach, Head (High School Sports). It takes 2192 days (6 years and 2 days) total. A Coach, Head (High School Sports) license requires $712 in fees, 3 exams, 2 years experience, and 14 clock hours & 4 years of education.
In New Jersey, an occupational license takes the least time due to required education/experience (0 days) for Pharmacy Technician, Truck Driver, Other, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Gaming Supervisor, Slot Supervisor, Taxi Driver/Chauffeur, Milk Sampler, Landscape Contractor (Residential), Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential), Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential), Door Repair Contractor (Residential), Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential), Floor Sander Contractor (Residential), Glazier Contractor (Residential), Insulation Contractor (Residential), Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential), Mason Contractor (Residential), Painting Contractor (Residential), Paving Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential), Terrazzo Contractor (Residential), Fisher, Commercial, Gaming Cage Worker, Gaming Dealer, Landscape Contractor (Commercial), Animal Breeder.
In New Jersey, to obtain an occupational license there is at least one exam required for: Preschool Teacher, Public School, Coach, Head (High School Sports), HVAC Contractor (Commercial), HVAC Contractor (Residential), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial), Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential), Athletic Trainer, Security Alarm Installer, Earth Driller, Water Well, Locksmith, School Bus Driver, Bus Driver, City/Transit, Optician, Midwife, Direct Entry, Fire Alarm Installer, Cosmetologist, Barber, Shampooer, Crane Operator, Makeup Artist, Skin Care Specialist, Manicurist, Vegetation Pesticide Applicator, Pest Control Applicator, Truck Driver, Other, Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer, Emergency Medical Technician, Milk Sampler. Earth Driller, Water Well, School Bus Driver require 6 exams.
New Jersey licenses 54 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here. Its laws rank as the 16th most burdensome and require, on average, $224 in fees, 422 days of education and experience, and around one exam. New Jersey ranks as the 28th most broadly and onerously licensed state.
New Jersey licenses several occupations rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states license animal control officers (six), locksmiths (13), taxi drivers and chauffeurs (15), or crane operators (17). Among those, locksmiths and crane operators are particularly onerously licensed. Locksmiths face unusually high education and experience requirements—roughly 732 days, comprising two years of experience and 10 hours of education. By comparison, the average across licensed states is just 54 days lost to education and experience. And crane operators pay fees that are more than double the average across licensed states: $475 versus $225.
New Jersey also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, its education and experience requirements for barbers and cosmetologists are much higher than those for EMTs. Barbers must study for 900 hours (roughly 210 days) and cosmetologists for 1,200 hours (roughly 280 days), while EMTs need only 110 hours of education and 10 hours of experience (roughly 27 days total). New Jersey could improve job prospects for its lower-income residents by lifting or easing its heavy licensing burdens for barbers, cosmetologists and other occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives such as inspections or voluntary certification.
|Burden Rank||Occupation||Number of States that License||Fees||Education/Experience (Days)||Education||Experience||Exams||Minimum Grade||Minimum Age|
|1||Preschool Teacher, Public School||50||752||2190||4 years||2 years||3||12||18|
|2||Coach, Head (High School Sports)||47||712||2192||14 clock hours & 4 years||2 years||3||12||18|
|3||HVAC Contractor (Commercial)||37||331||1825||None||5 years||2||0||21|
|3||HVAC Contractor (Residential)||35||331||1825||None||5 years||2||0||21|
|3||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial)||37||331||1825||None||5 years||2||0||21|
|3||Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential)||36||331||1825||None||5 years||2||0||21|
|7||Athletic Trainer||49||530||1460||4 years||None||1||12||18|
|8||Security Alarm Installer||37||271||1460||None||4 years||1||12||18|
|9||Earth Driller, Water Well||51||725||1095||None||3 years||6||12||0|
|11||School Bus Driver||51||171||1095||None||3 years||6||0||21|
|12||Bus Driver, City/Transit||51||169||1095||None||3 years||5||0||21|
|13||Optician||22||899||851||2 years||4 months||5||12||17|
|14||Midwife, Direct Entry||37||1610||730||2 years||None||1||0||18|
|15||Fire Alarm Installer||39||605||730||None||2 years||2||0||18|
|16||Cosmetologist||51||179||280||1200 clock hours||None||2||12||17|
|17||Barber||51||95||210||900 clock hours||None||2||12||17|
|18||Shampooer||33||90||210||900 clock hours||None||2||12||17|
|19||Crane Operator||16||540||233||None||1000 clock hours||2||0||18|
|20||Makeup Artist||37||179||140||600 clock hours||None||2||12||17|
|21||Skin Care Specialist||51||95||140||600 clock hours||None||2||12||17|
|22||Manicurist||51||140||70||300 clock hours||None||2||12||17|
|23||Vegetation Pesticide Applicator||51||690||29||4.5 clock hours||120 clock hours||4||0||18|
|25||Pest Control Applicator||51||460||10||4.5 clock hours||40 clock hours||2||0||18|
|26||Truck Driver, Other||51||167||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|26||Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer||51||167||0||None||None||4||0||18|
|28||Emergency Medical Technician||51||163||26||110 clock hours||None||2||0||18|
|29||Massage Therapist||45||195||117||500 clock hours||None||0||0||0|
|30||Security Guard, Unarmed||34||141||4||24 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|34||Animal Control Officer||7||0||15||65 clock hours||None||0||0||18|
|36||Landscape Contractor (Residential)||48||185||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential)||30||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential)||30||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Door Repair Contractor (Residential)||29||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential)||30||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Floor Sander Contractor (Residential)||27||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Glazier Contractor (Residential)||30||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Insulation Contractor (Residential)||30||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential)||30||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Mason Contractor (Residential)||31||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Painting Contractor (Residential)||27||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Paving Contractor (Residential)||28||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential)||31||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|37||Terrazzo Contractor (Residential)||28||110||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|51||Gaming Cage Worker||30||95||0||None||None||0||0||0|
|53||Landscape Contractor (Commercial)||47||75||0||None||None||0||0||0|
The data and information here come from IJ’s License to Work report, released in November 2022.View Report